Principles are essential in any field, including in office interior design. Designers need to follow these principles to create an effective and attractive composition. In each different design, you need to combine different principles, it is not necessary to ensure all principles are in the same product. These are 5 fundamental principles in design, let’s learn about them!
1. Principle of Unity
This is the most important principle in design because Unity is key to a successful composition. Unity means that the interactions among every element of your design should be consistent. They should have a clear relationship and convey the same ideas, which will help your publication to have a reasonable layout and organisation.
Principle of Unity in office interior design
In interior design, Unity is also very important. You can’t decorate your office in a classic style while the pantry in a modern style, it looks confusing. It’s necessary to make an overall theme plan for your design. When you have a suitable theme, it is easier to unify the design of the entire office together.
2. Principle of Balance
If you are a professional graphic designer, you should know that every element in a publication needs balance and it can come from the balance in colour, size, or texture. Balance is how you bring elements into your design, and it’s not a good idea to put all the elements in the same place. There are two types of balance, symmetrical balance and asymmetrical balance.
Principle of Balance
Different from the balance in graphic design, balance in interior design is reflected in the arrangement of furniture so that it can be the most eye-catching and comfortable for users. Elements should be evenly arranged in different areas, and should not all be concentrated in one place, which wastes workspace and creates uncomfort in work.
3. Principle of Contrast
Contrast is one of the most common design principles with every designer and engineer. It is the difference between separate elements in a design, to highlight the subject to be emphasised. This means that in a design, if you have used an icon with a dark colour, the other elements need to be light in colour to make it easier to distinguish.
Principle of Contrast
You also can apply this principle to office interior design. Dividing everything into 2 groups, the elements in each group have a certain relationship with each other, they are designed with the same colour tone or style. Thereby creating a contrast between these two groups of objects, making your workspace more prominent and impressive.
4. Principle of Repetition
Repeating elements such as colour, shape or texture can help to unify a space and create a consistent visual experience. Repetition is often used in arranging workplace for employees, especially in the modular arrangement of tables and chairs.
Principle of Repetition
5. Principle of Scale and Proportion
Proportion usually goes hand in hand with scale, but is a little different. Where scale describes the comparison of objects to one another, proportion is more about the way furniture and objects look in a space, as well as in relation to one another.
Principle of Scale and Proportion
With the principle of scale, you need to arrange the items in harmony with each other, avoiding putting a large object next to a too-small object. Items with similar sizes and uses should be placed close to each other to ensure harmony in the overall design.
And about the principle of proportion, the important thing is the balance between the objects and the surrounding space. For example, you can’t use a mini potted succulent in front of the main door, it’s not suitable.
6. Principle of Light and Colour
The combination of light and colour in completing the workspace will bring the desired aesthetic value to the operator. Providing enough light makes the workspace more airy and comfortable, improving work efficiency and your mood. As many windows to let in natural light as possible for the company’s workspace. Besides, you can also use artificial light sources from wall lamps, and furniture that reflects light.
Colour also plays an important role in creating harmony in the office. Use a palette or colour wheel to identify the consistency or contrast in the colour scheme.
These are 6 basic principles that you should know before making an office interior design project. A successful design needs a harmonious combination of the above factors. You do not necessarily have to use all of those rules, but you can flexibly coordinate them together, and ensure overall harmony. For more advice on how to perfectly combine these principles, contact ADP-Architects.